The opinion presented by Morena in the Chamber of Deputies establishes that the Electoral Institute will be renamed the National Institute of Elections and Consultations, which will renew all its advisers in February 2023, as will happen with the Electoral Tribunal.
Mexico City, November 23 (However).– The project of Electoral Reform constitutional, theplan A” of Andres Manuel Lopez Obradorarrived at the Chamber of Deputies. It does not bring any greater surprises than what the President himself had already anticipated, except that he proposes bringing forward the departure of Lorenzo Cordova —who has been a director of both the IFE and the INE for 14 years—, Ciro Murayama and two other directors. Instead of April 4, if the proposal is approved, they leave on February 4, 2023. And not just the four of them: the eleven would have to leave their posts to make way for a General Council of seven members.
If the proposal is approved, the National Electoral Institute (INE) would change its name to the National Institute of Elections and Consultations (INEC). This change is what the opposition called “the elimination of the INE” —which is inaccurate— and with that argument they called for a march. What the project that is already circulating among the members of the commissions does do – and that Morena and its allied parties endorse – is to propose the election with direct vote of the electoral advisers and the magistrates of the Electoral Tribunal of the Federal Judiciary (TEPJF). The previous initiative proposed its departure in July 2023; Now it moves to February.
She is seeking a constitutional reform, as the ruling party had already advanced, although the opposition votes in the legislative body will block her path and force her to reform secondary laws, more austere, known as “Plan B”. The Va Por México alliance made up of PAN, PRI and PRD and its partner on many issues, Movimiento Ciudadano (MC), will not give the ruling party votes for the two thirds of the votes it requires to carry out its reform in depth.
It is in the second transitory article of the opinion that is in legislative commissions where it is established that “for the only occasion, the day of election of electoral councils of the National Institute of Elections and Consultations and of electoral magistracies of the Superior Chamber of the Electoral Tribunal of Power Judicial of the Federation” will be held on the first Sunday of February 2023.
Meanwhile, in the third transitory, it is indicated that the National Institute of Elections and Consultations will fully replace the National Electoral Institute “and the members of the General Council of the latter will cease their functions at the moment in which the election of the members is declared. of the General Council of the National Institute of Elections and Consultations and they render legal protest”.
“The human, material, financial and budgetary resources available to the National Electoral Institute, including all its assets and the rights derived from the funds or trusts in force, will become part of the National Institute of Elections and Consultations in the terms determined by the corresponding legal and administrative provisions”, reads the proposal.
It also indicates that the Institute to Return the Stolen to the People will be the institution that will coordinate the actions of disincorporation and transfer of assets. It stipulates in the same way that the person in charge of the presidency of the National Electoral Institute, in this case Lorenzo Córdova, must deliver to the person in charge of the Institute to Return the Stolen to the People a report on the situation of the Institute that includes the corresponding financial balance .
In the same sense, the fourth transitory states that “as of the protest surrender of the magistrates of the Superior Chamber of the Electoral Tribunal of the Judicial Power of the Federation, those who currently occupy said positions will cease their functions.”
“At the same moment, the electoral tribunals of the federal entities will be dissolved, and their respective patrimony and human resources will be assigned to the corresponding local government,” the opinion states.
In the same way, in the fifth transitory, it is indicated that the local electoral public organizations will be extinguished from the installation of the General Council of the National Institute of Elections and Consultations.
“Their financial and material resources will of course be transferred to the latter. The labor rights of the workers assigned to each of said organizations will be respected, which, if they form part of the Electoral Professional Service, may be transferred to the National Institute of Elections and Consultations,” the reform proposal states.
The initiative formalizes formal mandate revocation processes, and regulates that they be extended to governors. “The processes of revocation of mandate in the federal entities will be called by the local Legislative Power, based, where applicable, on the second paragraph of this section. The exercise of the vote referred to in sections I, VIII and IX of this article may take advantage of information and communication technologies in accordance with what is determined by law, ”he says.
THE ELECTION OF DIRECTORS
In the Electoral Reform proposal, it is also specified that the incumbents of the presidency and electoral advisers will remain in office for six years and cannot be re-elected. They will be voted directly and secretly by citizens at the national level, on the first Sunday of August of the corresponding year, with the exception of the first vote that would be carried out on a single occasion in February 2023. And it is also specified that whoever receives more votes at the time of his election will occupy his presidency of the electoral body.
To this end, it is established that the Chamber of Deputies will issue the summons decree for the election of electoral advisers, which will contain the complete stages of the procedure, their dates and non-extendable deadlines.
Each one of the Powers of the Union will postulate twenty people equally: the Executive Power will do so through the President of the Republic; the Legislature will postulate ten people for each Chamber, through a qualified vote of two thirds of its members present; and the Judiciary of the Federation, through the Plenary of the Supreme Court of Justice of the Nation (SCJN), with a majority of eight votes.
It will be the National Institute of Elections and Consultations that will organize the elective process. To this end, the proposal stipulates that the candidates for electoral advisors will have the right to access radio and television during the official times assigned to the national political parties, through a special programming defined by the Institute.
“The distribution of time will be equal between male and female candidates. They may also participate in discussion forums organized by the Institute itself within official times or in those provided free of charge by any means of communication under the principle of equity. Hiring spaces on radio and television to promote candidates on their own or through an intermediary is prohibited. Political parties may not proselytize for or against any candidacy. The law will determine the respective campaign period”, says the ruling.
The Institute will be the one that makes the calculations of the election, and will communicate them to the Chamber of Deputies, which will immediately make and publish the sum, which it will send to the Supreme Court of Justice of the Nation, which will proceed to resolve the challenges. , will qualify the process and declare its results.
In the event that there is an “absolute absence” of any electoral advisor, the Chamber of Deputies will elect the substitute person to conclude the period, by a majority of two thirds of its members present at the session in which it is discussed. The absolute lack of whoever occupies the presidency will be covered by the person who would have followed in number of votes of the corresponding election.