VIDEO| Take a breath before observing the most detailed view of Mars shared by NASA – Teach Me About Science

Amazing! The most detailed view ever obtained of the Martian surface.

This week NASA surprised astronomy lovers and enthusiasts searching for traces of ancient extraterrestrial life by sharing the most impressively detailed images of the Martian surface.

The images you are about to witness were captured by NASA’s Perseverance rover, which has been exploring Mars since February 2021. According to the official statement from the space agency, this spectacular mosaic has 2.5 billion pixels and combines 1,118 individual frames, making it the most detailed image of the Red Planet’s surface ever captured.

Specifically, the images were taken by the Mastcam-Z camera system, this basically corresponds to the eyes of the Perseverance rover, which has a zoom function, which allows the cameras to zoom in, focus and take high definition videos, as well as panoramic images in color and 3D.

The captures were taken between June 12 and 20, 2022 when the Perseverance rover reached an ancient delta in Jezero Crater, an area of ​​special interest and really important to explore for this mission, as it is believed to be a perfect place in the red planet to search for potential signs of ancient microbial life.

As described, scientists estimate that in this area 3.5 billion years ago a river flowed into Lake Jezero, causing sediment to be deposited in a fan-shaped pattern on the crater floor, giving rise to an ancient delta.

“Arrival in the Jezero Delta has been the main objective of the Perseverance mission since the rover landed in the crater in February 2021,” describes the space agency. “What we see in the video are some of the hills and cliffs on the edge of that delta, as well as some of the footprints from the Perseverance rover passing through those sites.”

The guided tour of the panorama that NASA shares with us specifies that we pay attention to the darker gray layered rocks that form the approximately 10-meter-high cliff in front of the rover, “these have been on the surface of Mars over billions of years, and during that time, wind erosion has shaped the surface into some pretty interesting shapes like this balanced rock,” he explains.

In addition, in the video you can also see the area called “Hogwallow Flats” in which bright, light-colored rocks are observed, according to NASA experts, it is believed that these are some of the finer-grained sedimentary rocks deposited in the Delta.

“Fine-grained rocks are important because they are often good places to look for signs of ancient life. We plan to do up to five abrasions on the rocks in this area. That’s where we use our drill to expose a new surface, which allows us to analyze the chemistry and mineralogy,” they explain.

Finally, it is indicated that “he directed the rover to the Delta because it is a very promising place to look for signs of ancient life. We hope to learn more when a future mission brings these samples back to Earth. So far, we’re excited about what we’ve collected.”

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