El Salvador cancels the commemoration of the peace agreements that put an finish to the armed battle | Worldwide

A cameraman walks in front of a painting dedicated to Saint Óscar Romero and six Jesuit priests assassinated on November 16, 1989 in San Salvador.
A cameraman walks in entrance of a portray devoted to Saint Óscar Romero and 6 Jesuit monks assassinated on November 16, 1989 in San Salvador.Rodrigo Sura (EFE)

The Legislative Assembly of El Salvador, managed by President Nayib Bukele, authorized a decree that eliminates the commemoration of the Peace Accords that ended a bloody civil battle that left greater than 75,000 lifeless. The decree was authorized with 62 votes in favor of the ruling get together, with which the legislators seal one of many important calls for of Bukele, for whom the agreements have been a “farce” that didn’t generate “any benefit” for Salvadorans, even though The so-called Pact of Chapultepec —as a result of it was signed in Mexico— made it doable to place limits on the Army, acknowledge human rights violations, set up a democratic system and create a police pressure below the management of civil energy. Instead, the deputies authorized declaring January 16 because the National Day of the Victims of the Armed Conflict.

According to the opinion voted on Tuesday, “the aforementioned Agreements, far from representing a benefit for the Salvadoran population, constituted the beginning of an era of corruption, leaving the rights and the most basic needs of the population in oblivion for decades, such as health, education, housing and social justice”. It is a “just recognition of all the people who gave their lives during the conflict, as well as all the people who suffered the loss of their relatives with the false idea of ​​a fairer society that never came.”

With this decree, President Bukele intends to erase from historical past the actors who signed the Chapultepec Pact, the members of the right-wing Nationalist Republican Alliance (ARENA) and the Farabundo Martí National Liberation Front (FMLN), the left-wing guerrilla that confronted the Army in a horrible civil battle that left a number of of the bloodiest episodes on the continent, together with the El Mozote bloodbath – the place at the very least 986 individuals have been killed (552 kids and 434 adults, together with 12 pregnant ladies )—and the bloodbath of Jesuits on the Central American University of San Salvador.

“The war was a farce. They killed 75,000 people between the two sides. It was a farce like the Peace Accords. A negotiation between two domes, but what benefit did the Peace Agreements bring to the Salvadoran people? They were signed on January 16, 1992, and what did they gain? What did the Salvadoran people gain,” Bukele stated in December 2020. “From now on, by presidential decree, we will stop commemorating those who ordered their deaths and we will begin to commemorate those who should be commemorated,” added the president.

The Peace Accords have been signed on January 16, 1992 at Chapultepec Castle, in Mexico City, by the Salvadoran authorities and the guerrillas to place an finish to 12 years of a bloody civil battle that had additionally left 8,000 lacking. The doc establishes placing an finish to the battle, selling the democratization of El Salvador, guaranteeing unrestricted respect for human rights and reunifying Salvadoran society.

Human rights defenders have criticized the authoritarian drift of Bukele, who since taking energy in June 2019 has made controversial choices, such because the dismissal of judges to place loyal magistrates of their place, criticism of the impartial press and espionage. to journalists, the raid on the headquarters of NGOs, a number of of them associated to the feminist motion, or when he burst into the Assembly surrounded by police and army after the refusal of the deputies to approve a key mortgage. The opposition denounced that it was a “self-coup”.

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The group Human Rights Watch (HWR) has warned this Thursday in a report that Bukele and his allies “have undermined the basic democratic checks and balances” in El Salvador and accuses him of “continuing to use the military in public security operations, although it is prohibited by the 1992 peace agreement″.

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